Insomnia relates to all difficulties people face to get or stay asleep. It involves having non-refreshing sleep that can last from a few days to months, depending on whether it is acute or chronic. Sleeplessness can be triggered by a number of possible factors such as worry and stress, underlying health conditions, alcohol and drug abuse.
Primary insomnia is a type of sleeplessness that is not caused by any known physical or mental conditions. Common causes of primary insomnia include; Alcohol, anxiety and worries, coffee and caffeine and stress.
The secondary type of this form of sleeplessness is caused by a medical condition. Depression is a very common cause of secondary insomnia
Major Causes of Insomnia
1. Stress and Anxiety
Some individuals develop insomnia after a stressful event, such as loss of their loved ones, problems with work or financial difficulties. The problem can continue for long after such an event pass because they start to associate going to bed and staying awake. Having more general worries about work, health or family can also keep you awake all night long. This can make your mind start racing as you lie in bed, and this affects your sleep.
2. Poor Sleep Routine and Sleeping Environment
You can struggle to get a consistent sleep if you do not go to bed at consistent times, if you nap during the day or if you wind down before going to bed. If you find yourself in a poor sleeping environment, insomnia may equally crop up. A poor sleeping environment may include uncomfortable bed, being in a bedroom that is too bright, and a noisy, cold or extremely hot areas.
3. Your eating or drinking habits – lifestyle
Regardless of your best practices, you might be un-knowingly sabotaging your own sleep patterns with the type of food you eat or drink prior to bed. Experts suggest on cutting off the intake of caffeine, for at least,6 hours before you retire to bed. Keep in your mind that caffeine elements are not only present in coffee but also found in chocolate. Alcohol may give you a perception of fast falling to sleep, but later during the night, it may wake you up. Heavy meals close to bed may also be too burdening on your digesting system, resulting in heartburn.
4. Neurological Diseases
These are the secondary causes of insomnia. People with conditions such as Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s and stroke often experience problems sleeping. This is in accordance with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. People with such conditions experience problems in their sleep because brain regions and chemicals get altered to affect sleep. Also, the medication used to control these conditions may cause the sleeplessness.
People with allergies such as itchy eyes or stuffed-up noses can indeed fail go get shut on a consistent basis. A big percentage of persons with nasal complications report trouble sleeping. Persons with allergies are found twice more susceptible to suffer from sleep disorders such as insomnia.
6. Certain Medications
Drugs for conditions that range from depression, cold, high blood pressure and asthma may cause insomnia. Several over the counter drugs that contain caffeine and other stimulants will affect your sleeping pattern. These drugs interfere with the sleep by disrupting the REM sleep, tampering with natural levels of the body’s enzymes and blocking the production of melatonin. You need to consult with your doctor for advice to get the best advice on the type of medication for your condition.
7. Female Hormonal Fluctuations
Fluctuations in female hormones play a leading role in insomnia in women. During menstruation, progesterone promotes sleep and interference on this hormone during monthly circles make one lack sleep. During pregnancy periods, the effects of changes in progesterone levels in the first and last trimester of gestation can affect the normal sleep patterns. Insomnia can also be a major problem during the first phase of menopause.
8. Physical health conditions
Many other physical health conditions contribute to insomnia. These include conditions such as;
i. Heart conditions – such as heart failure and angina
ii. Respiratory conditions – such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
iii. Neurological conditions – such as Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s disease
iv. Hormonal problems such as overactive typhoid
v. Joint or muscle problems such as arthritis
vi. Problems resulting from genital or urinary organs such as enlarged prostate and urinary incontinence
vii. Long term pain and other related issues